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Machu Picchu

Fun Facts on Machu Picchu for Kids
Discover some interesting fun facts about Machu Picchu in Peru. Kids will enjoy learning new information about this ancient city which was built by the Incan People who belonged to the largest empire in pre-Columbian America. Read our interesting facts file for children to discover why this Incan village has become one of the New Seven Wonders of the World. Machu Picchu is known by the name 'The Lost City of the Incas' because it remained lost for many years. The information on our facts sheet will help kids to understand why this city was lost in time, discover when the Inca people built it and what precautions they put in place to help the city remain hidden and protect it from outside attacks.

Did You Know?
Did you know that the City of Machu Picchu is one of the Seven Wonders of the New World? This fabulous ancient place reflected the talent and skill of the Incan Empire. The buildings were carefully designed and constructed to perfection.

Picture of the city of Machu Picchu
Fun facts about the Machu Picchu would not be complete without a picture of Machu Picchu. The image below shows the remains of the city standing before the summit of the mountain.

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Facts Sheet on Machu Picchu
Fun Facts on Machu Picchu for kids

Fun Fact 1

Machu Picchu is located in Peru, which was formally known as Cusco, between the two summits of Machu Picchu and Huayna Picchu.

Fun Fact 2

Sometimes Machu Picchu is known by the name 'The Lost City of the Incas' because it remained lost for many years.

Fun Fact 3

Machu Picchu is a city which was built by the Incan People who belonged to the largest empire in pre-Columbian America. This majestic city is a reminder of their great achievements.

Fun Fact 4

It is believed that the city of Machu Picchu was built in approximately 1450 AD at the height of the Incan Empire.

Fun Fact 5

The exact reason why the city of Machu Picchu was built remains unknown. People share different beliefs regarding the city's purpose include the possibility that the citadel may have been built for religious reason, agricultural reason or simply as a mountain retreat. Nobody really knows why this majestic site was developed by the Inca race.

Fun Fact 6

It is thought that the city wasn't inhabited for very long as researchers believe Machu Picchu was wiped out by disease by 1572. It is thought that smallpox was introduced by Spanish conquers (called conquistadors) who came to  the region.

Fun Fact 7

As Machu Picchu remained mostly undamaged, it's thought that the conquistadors didn't reach or discover the city. They damaged temples and sacred stones in other areas which had been built by the Incan Empire.

Fun Fact 8

The site of Machu Picchu was built very high up in a mountainous area, in a dense Peruvian rainforest. The city lies approximately 2,430 meters above sea level. Can you imagine how a city was built at this altitude so long ago?

Fun Fact 9

The ancient ruins still remain today and are divided by a wall which separates agricultural land which is terraced and a built-up urban area.

Fun Fact 10

As the city of Machu Picchu was built so high up and surrounded by terraces and steep walls it was well protected and hidden from potential attackers.

Fun Fact 11

The urban area of Machu Picchu consists of walls constructed in ashlar masonry, a typical style used by the Incan Empire. The stones were polished, shaped and fitted together without the need for mortar.

Fun Fact 12

The people of the Incan Empire had great skills and abilities, they were also great architects; planning and constructing their building work perfectly.

Fun Fact 13

The city of Machu Picchu consisted of different types of buildings including sanctuaries, temples, thatched houses and various features of which around 140 still remain.

Fun Fact 14

There are ritual stones located at Machu Picchu which are believed to hold religious significance as they're arranged to point towards the sun and are thought to tie the sun to the earth. This type of stone is known as the 'Intihuatana Stone'.

Fun Fact 15

Machu Picchu attracts tourism from all over the world. It is Peru's biggest tourist spot. People visit from all over to view the fabulous work and talent of the Incan Empire.

Facts Sheet on Machu Picchu
Fun Facts on Machu Picchu for kids

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Fun Facts on Machu Picchu for Kids

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